Italy has been, for most of its history, a land of Immigration lawyer Italy, and many lands from which it once ran away from hunger are today among the most powerful locomotives of Italian and European development. However, the development of Italian immigration legislation seems to have remained faithful to the first approach, that of Italy as a land of emigrants.
Until the mid-1980s the entry of foreigners into Italy was governed by laws dating back to the Fascist period. The first law of the immigration lawyer Italy republic on this matter was Law no. 943/1986, which addressed the issue of immigration, however only in relation to the issue of work, in an emergency and not organic way. To have the first real organic law on immigration, also dictated by emergency reasons, we must wait until 1990 and the Martello law, which introduced for the first time in Italy social interventions against immigrants and based the system of entry of migrants on the planning of entry flows through a system of forecasting maximum quotas.
The Law that Changes the Lives of Migrants
Rome _ The law that revolutionizes the life of immigrants in Italy has been definitively approved with the final vote in the senate. Some of its provisions will come into force when the text is published in the official journal; for others, implementing ministerial decrees will be required. In the meantime, however, you can already see what this bill calls as the “security package” and highly contested, for the part on immigrants, as well as by the opposition also by all the associations of the third sector and by the Church.
The crime of illegal immigration – Illegal immigration becomes a crime. The illegal immigrants are not at risk of arrest, but will face a fine of 5 thousand to 10 thousand euros, with immediate expulsion. The rule effectively introduces an obligation for public officials to report illegal immigrants to the judicial authority. The obligation excludes doctors and principals for whom a specific derogation has been provided.
The stay in the CIE – The non-EU citizen who arrives in Italy without a residence permit can be locked up in the identification and expulsion centers for up to 180 days. To date, the maximum stay was 60 days.Citizenship tax – Those who apply to obtain Italian citizenship will have to pay a tax of 200 euros.
More expensive permits – Those who apply for a residence permit and those who apply for renewal of the permit already held and expiring will have to pay a “contribution” between 80 and 200 euros. The exact amount will be determined later by the ministries of the interior and the economy.
Arrest for those who exploit irregular tenants – Up to three years’ imprisonment is foreseen for homeowners, to obtain an unfair profit for themselves, renting accommodation or even a room to foreigners who are irregular at the time of stipulation or renewal of the lease.
Green light to patrols – citizens’ associations will be able to patrol the territory and report situations of social distress or danger to the police. They will be registered in lists and must be formed primarily by former agents.
The filing of homeless people – homeless people will be filed in a special register established at the Interior Ministry.
Marriage permit – The non-EU citizen who intends to marry an Italian citizen (or EU citizen in Italy) must have a regular residence permit. Permission will be required for access to any public service provision, except for medical treatment and school enrollment.